The Two Witnesses.

Research and written by Felicia A. Trecek / August 20, 2003

Revelation 11:3-4 reads, (v:3) "And I shall give (power?) unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clad in sackcloth." (v:4) "These are the two olive trees and the two lamp stands that are standing before the Elohim of all the earth."

According to Revelation the two witnesses are the two olive trees and the two lamp stands that are standing before the Elohim of all the earth. Verse four is in the present tense. Are there any two mortal men standing before Elohim of all the earth? Are there any two mortal men biblically represented as lamp stands and who are considered olive trees? What does a lamp stand represent and what function does an olive tree serve?

To obtain a better understanding of who the two witnesses may be, the book of Zechariah provides more descriptive information.

ZECHARIAH CHAPTER FOUR - the whole chapter
Zechariah was given a vision. The description of the vision is written in verses 2-3, and 11-12. Within the first part of the vision he saw a lamp stand of gold. On the stand there were seven lamps. (This part of this description is that of the lamp stand that was made for the temple. Reference the construction of the temple lamp-stand: Exodus 25:31-40 and Leviticus 24:2-4). There is one olive branch on the right side and one olive branch on left side of the lamp stand itself, thus two olive branches. The two olive branches stream olive oil from themselves into a bowl atop the lamp stand by the means of two gold pipes. Extending from the bowl are seven spouts that empty the oil into the seven lamps on the lamp stand. (For a visual reference: view the illustration titled: THE VISION.)

In Zechariah 4:4, Zechariah asked, "what are these", referring to the images he was shown. In verses 6-10, the messenger (Angel) spoke to Zechariah, announcing the coded message that was given to him by YHWH which gave some insight into the two visions he was consecutively shown in chapters three and four. The visions foreshadowed Messiah. Although, in the last part of verse 10 the messenger said: "These seven are the eyes of YHWH, which diligently search throughout all the earth." The seven what?

To answer the question, first reread verses 1 and 2. The messenger awoke Zechariah as from a sleep. It appears during his sleep period, Zechariah was given a vision of Joshua, the high priest in chapter three. When the messenger awoke Zechariah, Zechariah was given a day vision and he saw the lamp stand and the two olive trees because the messenger immediately asked, "what do you see?" The two visions of chapter three and four are directly interrelated.

The vision in chapter three reveals the Messiah. The second temple high priest, Joshua (Yahushua in Hebrew), had the same name as does the Messiah (Reference Zechariah 6:12, 6:10-15, 3:8-9), and the events of Joshua in the vision within chapter three were past and future of Messiah. There was a stone placed before Joshua with seven eyes. (The stone is the chief corner stone representative of Yahushua Messiah. He is the Master with the seven eyes). Within the second vision, the burning lamps also represented the seven eyes. But, the second vision reveals two beings that are continually on the right and left side of the Master possessing the seven eyes.

The answer: "These seven are the eyes of YHWH, which diligently search throughout all the earth." (Zechariah 4:10) was in reference to both: the eyes on the stone and the seven burning lamps. Revelation 5:6 reads, the seven eyes of the slain lamb are the seven Spirits of YHWH sent forth into all the earth. And, Revelation 4:5 reads, "..And seven lamps of fire were burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of Elohim." The seven in question are the seven lamps and the seven eyes on the stone. The seven lamps provide light, and since they are also the seven spirits, the lamps of fire provide light within the spiritual darkness that covers the earth enabling YHWH and Messiah to see. (Also reference Revelation, 1:14, 2:18)

The messenger did not completely answer ZechariahŐs question. Therefore, Zechariah asked the messenger again in verse 12 of chapter 4, "What are these two olive branches which empty golden oil from themselves by the means of the two gold pipes?" The Messenger answered his question in verse 14; "These are the two anointed ones, who stand beside the Master of all the earth." These two olive branches appear to be symbolic of two specific anointed beings. The job of these two beings are to feed the seven Spirits of YHWH. Who exactly are these anointed beings with this prominent position and considerable responsibility? They are directly interrelated with Messiah since they were within the second vision that pertained to the Master with the seven eyes/spirits.

Revelation 11:4 reads the two witnesses are both: the olive trees and the lamp stands whereas Zechariah 4 describes a lamp stand itself with the two olive trees. The olive trees in Zechariah 4 appear to be an extension of the lamp stand since they are an essential part: they supply the olive oil enabling the lamp stand to function.

In Revelation 1:12, John sees seven golden lamp stands. Verse 20 reveals these lamp stands are the seven churches (assemblies). In reality, each of the seven churches appear to have been given all seven Spirits of YHWH, because each church was given a lamp stand. For example: the church of Ephesus was told they left their first love and if they did not repent, the entire lamp stand would be taken away (Revelation 2:1-5). In other words, if they perfected six spirits but one, then all seven would be taken from them. (The goal of the saints appears to be perfecting all seven of YHWHŐs Spirits. For further delineation read the article titled: The Seven Spirits v.s. The Spirit of Living Waters.)

The two witnesses and the seven churches were all described as being lamp stands. The difference between the church lamp stands and the two witness lamp stands are: the two witness are also olive trees that supply the essential oil; thus, a vital part of the lamp stand. The seven churches appear to be in correlation with the seven spouts (six branches and one center spout). Each spout represents a church, but does not necessarily represent individual spirits. The various parts of the lamp stand appear to have it's own representation. The base of the second temple lamp stand had two stacked hexagons. A hexagon has six sides, thus the whole base consists of twelve sides. There are twelve tribes of Israel which the twelve apostles will judge (Matthew 19:28, Luke 22:30). The twelve tribes of Israel and the twelve apostles are the foundation which the seven churches sprouted from. The seven churches extend from the foundation of the lamp stand in the form of the six branch spouts and one center spout. The lamp stand pinnacle is the seven burning lamps. These lamps of fire represent the seven spirits of YHWH. All seven spirits are the acme of our attainment.

The commonality of all the lamp stand representations appear to be the seven Spirits. The representations (witnesses and churches) appear to be general since the lamp stand is constructed of various parts. In other words, The two witnesses and the seven churches are part of the lamp stand, but they are not all the same part.

The two witnesses and the seven churches were all given the seven Spirits of YHWH, and each represent a part, thus lamp stands. Moreover, the two witnesses and the seven churches are each required to shine the light of YHWH (Reference: Matthew 5:14-16).

The two witnesses of Revelation 11:4 were also identified as being olive trees. Olive trees are suppliers of olive oil that feed the burning lamps (seven Spirits). Therefore, the two witnesses not only possess the seven spirits, they supply the seven spirits with olive oil for burning.

In 1 Kings 6:23 - the two cherubim were made from olive tree branches. Verse 28 reads, these olive branch cherubim were overlaid with gold. (Also reference Exodus 25:31-40 - the construction of the lamp stand for the temple, and Leviticus 24:2-4.) Exodus 25:18-21 reads, the cherubim are on the right and left side of the mercy seat. And, they faced the seat of atonement/mercy. Exodus 25:22 reads, YHWH communed with Moses from the atonement/mercy seat on-top the ark of the witness (testimony) between the two cherubim. Verse 22 specifically reads, "ark of the witness/testimony" not, "ark of the covenant".

According to the above passages, there were two cherubim made from olive branches and covered with gold. They stood before Elohim, one on the left and one on the right. And, they stood on the "ark of the witness/testimony." Did the ark bear witness? No. Rather, the ark bore (held) the witness/testimony. The tablets of the covenant (books) were placed within the ark. Are the books of the bible the only witnesses to us? Or, could all three of the beings atop the ark be witnesses? We know Messiah bore witness to Pilate (Reference: 1 Timothy 6:13). It appears the two cherubim also bear witness since they are in the presence, overlooking the mercy seat of YHWH.

There are multiple scriptures that read, YHWH dwells between the cherubim. Here are only a few examples: 1 Samuel 4:4, 2 Samuel 6:2, and 2 Kings 19:15. There is no doubt, the two cherubs stand before the Elohim of all the earth and the earthly representations of the cherubim were made from an olive tree overlaid with gold.

In Zechariah 4:14 (the two olive branches) and Revelation 11:4 (the two witnesses) are both described as two beings that stand before/beside the Master of all the earth.

In Matthew 20:21-23, the mother of ZebedeeŐs children asked Messiah if her two sons could sit at His side in the kingdom - one at the right and one on the left. Messiah answered her and said, "You donŐt know what you ask. Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?" Matthew 20:21-23 indicates the two individuals that will be on the left and right side of Messiah in the Kingdom on earth will have to drink from the same cup and be baptized with the same baptism. Verse 23 reads, those two positions have been prepared by the Father. Are they the two witnesses of Revelation?

The two cherubim atop the ark, one on the left and one on the right, face the mercy seat and thus are true witnesses since they are positioned to see what takes place upon the mercy seat. The earthly tabernacle and everything within was patterned after what actually exists in heaven (Exodus 25:9). Could they be the two witnesses of Revelation and the two beings that will sit on the right and left side of Messiah for eternity?

There are parallels between Messiah and the two witnesses of Revelation 11:3-4.

  • The two witnesses of Revelation will be dead for three and a half days. Messiah was in the grave for three days and three nights. However, He was dead for a longer period of time. Messiah died on the stake about the ninth hour (Matt 27:45-50) of the day. In the evening hour, Messiah was placed in the grave. There is no biblical record denoting the exact time in the evening to which he was placed in the grave. Although, the time period before he was placed into the grave was close to being half of a day. Consequently, Messiah is speculated to have been dead for roughly or close to three and half days. Afterward, Messiah was resurrected.

  • Messiah witnessed and died in Jerusalem as will the two witnesses of Revelation (Reference: Revelation 11:7-9).

  • And, Messiah preached for three and a half years as the two witnesses of Revelation 11:4 will also preach for three and a half years. Added together, there are seven years. Seven represents completion. Matthew 24:14 reads, "And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nation; and then shall the end come." The two witnesses appear to have the responsibility of preaching during the last days. They will be world known as was Messiah.

In Revelation 11:4, the witnesses are called both olive trees/branches and lamp stands. In Zechariah chapter four, there are two olive branches that stand on the right side and on the left side of one lamp stand. And, these two olive branches feed the lamp stand with oil from themselves, thus intricately apart of the lamp stand. These two olive branches symbolically represent the two cherubim that sit on the right and left side of YHWH upon the mercy seat. It appears that the job of the two cherubim of Zechariah chapter four is to feed/fuel the seven Spirits of YHWH. (The physical ark is no longer, but the spiritual one in heaven remains. Reference: Revelation 11:19) These two cherubim are continually in the presence of Elohim whereas the two witnesses of Revelation 11:3-4 are also standing beside the Elohim of all the earth. The two olive trees of Zechariah chapter four appear to be the same as the two cherubim atop the ark which were made from olive branches for their physical representation.

Both cherubim on the ark face the seat of mercy. They bear witness to events over the mercy seat and of the Master; thus are two witnesses. The tabernacle and everything within was patterned after what actually exists in heaven (Exodus 25:9).

Both the seven eyes of the slain lamb/YHWH (Zechariah 4:10 and Revelation 5:6) and the seven lamps of fire (Revelation 4:5) are the seven Spirits of Elohim. Both appear symbolic and represent the seven Spirits.

In Revelation 1:12,20, there are seven golden lamp stands representative of the seven churches (assemblies). The two witnesses also are called lamp stands (Revelation 11:4). Each of the seven churches and the two witnesses appear to have been given all seven Spirits of YHWH as was Messiah (Isaiah 11:1-2, and Revelation 3:1). And the two witnesses and the seven churches are represented by a particular part of the lamp stand, thus in general - lamp stands.

The two witnesses are reasonably assumed to be the two cherubs that presently sit beside the Master of all the earth. (Both Zechariah 4:14 and Revelation 11:4, are in the present tense: they stand before the Elohim of all the earth.) There is a possibility, the two cherubim will be changed into the flesh as was Messiah so that it will be possible for them to temporarily die.

These witnesses will possess superhuman powers. They will be killed by the beast from the pit (Reference: Revelation 11:7), but after three and a half days YHWH will give them the Spirit of life, and they will rise into heaven in a cloud (Reference: Revelation 11:3-13), before the first resurrection of mankind.

The two witnesses are definitely not mortal men. No two mortal men currently stand before the Master of all the earth. And, what two men represent olive trees? We know olive oil is produced from olive trees and olive oil fuels the seven Spirits of YHWH. What two mortal men produce olive oil to fuel the seven Spirits - the lamps on the lamp stand? Lamp stands were given to the churches, thus to the saints. They have the opportunity to utilize the seven Spirits, not to fuel them. There are not and never were two men that fueled the seven Spirits for the rest of us.

These two witnesses appear to have been given the responsibility of drinking from the same cup as did the Messiah, and they must be baptized with the same baptism as was Messiah. The two witnesses will preach and witness for three and a half years, they will die in the same place as did Messiah, they will be dead for three and a half days, then afterward be resurrected - before the first resurrection of mankind as was Messiah.